Trean Insurance Group, Inc. (TIG)
First Day Turnover71.18%
P&C insurance companies provide insurance coverage under a policy in exchange for premiums paid by the insured. An insurance policy is a contract between the insurance company and the insured under which the insurance company agrees to pay for losses suffered by the insured, or a third-party claimant, that are covered under the contract.
The type of coverage is often classified based on how long an insurance company may have exposure to the risk covered by the policy. For example, property insurance, which covers property damage caused by loss events such as theft, fire, vandalism or weather events, is generally considered a short-tail risk due to the short time span between the claim event and the settlement. Casualty insurance, which protects against third-party liability claims, is generally considered a long-tail risk because of the longer time between claim and settlement. Long-tail casualty risks require specialized expertise since they typically involve larger and more complex claims, require careful examination of the claims to ensure appropriate settlement and can result in litigation. For the year ended December 31, 2019, 78.2% of our gross written premiums were casualty insurance.
We have historically focused on specialty risks within the casualty market, including specialty workers’ compensation insurance. While there is no official definition of specialty risks, the specialist component of the P&C market entails expertise in underwriting, loss control, claims and customer knowledge. Specialty insurance markets can focus on niche market segments or specific industries and product lines. Product specialists are particularly prevalent in casualty lines given the expertise required to underwrite longer-tailed lines.
Specialty insurance markets tend to have different distribution channels as compared to standard lines of insurance. In specialty insurance markets, carriers often rely on specialist distributors such as a program administrator or MGA and wholesale brokers instead of using more standard distribution channels such as retail brokers or distributing directly to customers. Using these specialist distributors allows insurance carriers to reduce or avoid the infrastructure and personnel costs associated with maintaining relationships with the large number of retail brokerage firms necessary to write specialized insurance products at scale. We source our premiums from our Owned MGAs or from our Program Partners, which are generally MGAs and insurance companies. We also provide these intermediary companies with additional services, including, reinsurance brokerage, issuing carrier services, and other services.
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