Inozyme Pharma, Inc. (INZY)
First Day Turnover11.78%
We are a rare disease biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics for the treatment of diseases of abnormal mineralization impacting the vasculature, soft tissue and skeleton. Through our in-depth understanding of the biological pathways involved in mineralization, we are pursuing the development of therapeutics to address the underlying causes of these debilitating diseases. It is well established that two genes, ENPP1 and ABCC6, play key roles in a critical mineralization pathway and that defects in these genes lead to abnormal mineralization. We are initially focused on developing a novel therapy to treat the rare genetic diseases of ENPP1 and ABCC6 deficiencies.
Our lead product candidate, INZ-701, is a soluble, recombinant, or genetically engineered, fusion protein that is designed to correct a defect in the mineralization pathway caused by ENPP1 and ABCC6 deficiencies. This pathway is central to the regulation of calcium deposition throughout the body and is further associated with neointimal proliferation, or the overgrowth of smooth muscle cells inside blood vessels. We have generated robust preclinical proof of concept data demonstrating that in animal models INZ-701 prevented pathological calcification, led to improvements in overall health and survival and prevented neointimal proliferation. We plan to file an Investigational New Drug Application, or IND, with the U.S.
Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, and Clinical Trial Authorizations, or CTAs, with regulatory authorities in Europe for INZ-701 in the second half of 2020. We plan to advance INZ-701 into two separate Phase 1/2 clinical trials, one in patients with ENPP1 deficiency in the United States and in Europe and another in patients with ABCC6 deficiency in Europe. The FDA and the European Medicines Agency, or EMA, have granted orphan drug designation to INZ-701 for the treatment of ENPP1 deficiency. Subject to successfully completing clinical development of INZ-701 in these indications, we plan to seek marketing approvals for INZ-701 on a worldwide basis. Beyond our development focus on INZ-701, we believe that our therapeutic approach has the potential to benefit patients suffering from additional diseases of abnormal mineralization, including those without a clear genetic basis.
A metabolic pathway that has been conserved throughout evolution in higher organisms is the key to regulating mineralization in the human body. If the proper function of this pathway is altered or disturbed, then both genetic and non-genetic diseases and conditions involving abnormal mineralization can result. In a properly functioning mineralization pathway, ENPP1 is responsible for converting extracellular molecules of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, to pyrophosphate, or PPi, a regulator of calcium deposition throughout the body. ENPP1 is also responsible for converting extracellular ATP into a precursor of adenosine, a regulator of neointimal proliferation.
A defect in the ENPP1 gene results in low levels of PPi, leading to abnormal mineralization in the vasculature and soft tissues, and in low levels of adenosine, leading to neointimal proliferation and narrowing of blood vessels and potential development of cardiovascular disease. In a properly functioning mineralization pathway, ABCC6 is responsible for transporting ATP from inside a cell to outside the cell. A defect in the ABCC6 gene reduces the extracellular ATP available to be used by ENPP1, thus also resulting in low levels of PPi and adenosine and leading to abnormal mineralization and neointimal proliferation.
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